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SDHF Newsletter No.177J 新しい歴史教科書ーその7(4章1節、2節)

2017年9月7日 木曜日

『新しい歴史教科書』(新版・中学社会)(自由社)
英訳シリーズ その7-第4章「近代の日本と世界(I)―幕末から明治時代」
第1節、第2節

 『新しい歴史教科書』英訳シリーズその7―第4章「近代の日本と世界(I)」、第1節、第2節をお届けします。

第1節:欧米諸国のアジア進出
    47 市民革命と産業革命
    48 欧米列強のアジア進出 
 第2節:開国から明治維新へ
    49 ペリーの来航と開国
     *ペリーは日本人をどう見たか
    50 尊王攘夷運動の展開
     *日米修好通商条約
     *対馬事件
51 薩長同盟と討幕運動
    52 明治新政府
   *五箇条のご誓文
    53 廃藩置県と四民平等
     *廃藩置県を武士はどう受け止めたか
     *太政官(新政府)を構成する要人     
     *学制・兵制・税制の三大改革
     *学事奨励に関する大制出され書
     *明治維新とは何か
    54 近隣諸国との国境画定
     *日清修好条規
     *華夷秩序と国際法秩序
     *琉球処分とは何か
     *日本の近代化とアイヌ
    55 岩倉使節団と征韓論
    56 殖産興業と文明開化
     *殖産興業に関する大久保利通の建白書
     *太陰暦から太陽暦に
     *幕末・明治期の日本人の生き方
                    
   対訳版:http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL02_2/Chapter%204%20Section%201,%202.pdf

平成29年9月7日 「史実を世界に発信する会」茂木弘道拝
http://hassin.org

New History Textbook for Middle School Students
Series No. 7, Chapter 4: Modern Japan and the World (Part 1) – From the Final Years of the Edo Shogunate to the End of the Meiji Period
Sections 1, 2

Series No. 7 contains Chapter 4, Sections 1 & 2.

Chapter 4, Section 1: The encroachment of the Western powers in Asia
Topic 47 – Industrial and people’s revolutions
What events led to the birth of Europe’s modern nations?
Topic 48 – The Western invasion of Asia
How did the Western powers advance into Asia?
Chapter 4, Section 2 – From the end of isolationism to the Meiji Restoration
Topic 49 – Commodore Perry and the opening of Japan to the West
What events forced Japan to open its doors to the outside world?
* What Did Perry Think of the Japanese People?
Topic 50 – The rise of the sonno joi movement
How did the sonno joi movement arise during the waning years of the Edo shogunate?
* Excerpts from the Treaty of Amity and Commerce
* The Tsushima Incident
Topic 51 – The Satcho Alliance and restoration of imperial rule
How did the Edo shogunate come to an end?
Topic 52 – The Meiji Government
What nation-building principles did Japan adopt at the time of the Meiji Restoration?
* The Charter Oath
Topic 53 – The abolition of the domains and equality of all citizens
How did Japan achieve social equality and establish a centralized state under the Meiji government?
* The Key Figures in the Great Council of State (The Meiji Government)
* How Did the Samurai React to the Abolition of the Domains?
Topic 54 – Groundbreaking educational, military, and fiscal reforms
How did the Meiji Government implement its three greatest reforms?
* An Excerpt from the Imperial Proclamation on the Encouragement of Education
*The Meaning of the Meiji Restoration
Topic 55 – Defining Japan’s national boundaries
How did Japan demarcate its national borders with neighboring countries?
* An Excerpt from the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Friendship (1871)
* The Tributary System Versus the Rule of International Law
* The Annexation of Ryukyu
* The Ainu and the Modernization of Japan
Topic 56 – The Iwakura Mission and the “Debate on Punishing Korea”
How did the Iwakura Mission’s observations of the world impact Japan’s subsequent nation-building efforts?
Topic 57 – Industrialization and westernization
How did government policies designed to promote industrialism and Western culture progress?
* An Excerpt from Okubo Toshimichi’s Official Address on the “Increase Production and Promote Industry” Campaign (1874)
* From the Lunar Calendar to the Solar Calendar
* The Lifestyles of the Japanese People in the late-Edo and Meiji Periods

URL: http://www.sdh-fact.com/book-article/1019/
PDF: http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL02_2/Chapter%204%20Section%201,%202.pdf

Questions are welcome.

MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact

SDHF Newsletter No.176J 新しい歴史教科書ーその6(3章3節、4節)

2017年8月22日 火曜日

『新しい歴史教科書』(新版・中学社会)(自由社)
英訳シリーズ その6-第3章「近世の日本―安土桃山・江戸時代」
第3節、第4節

 『新しい歴史教科書』英訳シリーズのそ6―第3章「近世の日本」、第3節、第4節をお届けします。

第3節:産業の発達と教育・文化の普及
    ㊶綱吉の文治英治と元禄文化
     *武士の忠義の観念
     *二宮尊徳と勤勉の精神
    ㊷農業・産業・交通の発達 
    ㊸教育・文化の普及
     *正確な日本地図をつくった伊能忠敬
 第4節:幕府政治の展開
    ㊹幕府の政治改革
    ㊺化政文化
     *町人が育てた歌舞伎
     *エコロジー都市江戸
    ㊻幕府政治の動揺      
    ㊲江戸幕府の成立
     *浮世絵とジャポニスム      
 第3章のまとめ:近世とはどんな時代か
    歴史豆辞典(100字用語解説)
                    
   対訳版:http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL02_2/Chapter%203%20Section%203,%204.pdf

平成29年8月22日 「史実を世界に発信する会」茂木弘道拝
http://hassin.org

New History Textbook for Middle School Students
Series No. 6, Chapter 3: Premodern Japan
– The Azuchi-Momoyama and Edo Period –
Sections 3, 4

Series No. 6 contains Chapter 3, Sections 3&4.

Chapter 3, Section 3: The spread of education and culture and the growth of manufacturing
Topic41 – Tsunayoshi’s Government of Law and Reason and the Genroku culture
What were the distinguishing characteristics of the Genroku culture that flourished in the Kyoto area?
* The Samurai and the Spirit of Loyalty
* Ninomiya Sontoku and the Virtue of Diligence
Topic 42 – The development of agriculture, manufacturing, and transportation
In what ways did Japanese agriculture, manufacturing, and transportation develop during the first half of the Edo period?
Topic 43 – The spread of education and culture
In what ways did education and modes of culture spread throughout Japan during the Edo period?
* Education at the Temple Schools
* Ino Tadataka, Creator of the First Accurate Map of Japan
Chapter 3, Section 4: The political development of the Edo shogunate
Topic 44 – Political reform of the shogunate
How did the shogunate react to the changing economic situation in eighteenth century Japan?
* Aoki Konyo(1698 – 1769)
* Uesugi Yozan(1751 – 1822)
Topic 45 – The Kasei culture
What were the distinguishing characteristics of the Kasei culture that flourished in the Edo area?
* Kabuki Created by Townspeople
* Edo, an Eco-Friendly City
Topic 46 – The shogunate in crisis
In what ways was the shogunate undermined by both the intrusions of foreign ships and internal rebellion and famine?
* Ukiyo-e and Japanism How did the culture of Edo Japan spread worldwide?
CHAPTER 3 SUMMARY:
SUMMING UP THE PREMODERN PERIOD
MINI HISTORICAL DICTIONARY

URL: http://www.sdh-fact.com/book-article/1016/
PDF: http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL02_2/Chapter%203%20Section%203,%204.pdf

Questions are welcome.

MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact

SDHF Newsletter No.174J 日本人の目から見た大東亜戦争への道

2017年8月14日 月曜日

日本人の目から見た「大東亜戦争」への道(アルドリック・ハマ)
論文と書評(杉原誠四郎)

 本論文は日本の第二次世界大戦直前の状況について、日本人は欧米人とは全く違った記憶を持っていると指摘して、そのあまりの違いを明らかにしようとしているものです。
欧米人の教えられている公式のストーリーは、端的に言えば東京裁判で示された見解をほぼそのまま取り入れているものです。日本の「犯罪的で軍国主義的な一派」が東アジアと残りの全世界を「支配」するために「侵略戦争」を始めたという、言ってみれば荒唐無稽な見解です。
日本人の中でも「政治的に正しい」見解を持つ人々は東京裁判の判決を受け入れていますが、多くの日本人が持っている考え方は今なお東京裁判で述べられた考え方とは著しい対照をなしていると著者は述べています。
そして日本人のこの考え方を丹念に検証していけば、戦後の日本の行動に関して理解が深まるであろうという考えで著者は本論文を書いています。
本論文の英語原文は、The Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies,
Volume 42, Number 1, Spring 2017 に掲載されたものです。出版社の許可を得て、原文・日本語訳を「史実を世界に発信する会」 のサイトに掲載したものです。
 本論文の書評を元城西大学教授杉原誠四郎氏にお書きいただきました。長文の本論文の前にお読みいただくと理解の助けにもなり、また参考になるかと思います。

 *書評:http://hassin.org/01/wp-content/uploads/BuildupR.pdf
*論文:http://hassin.org/01/wp-content/uploads/Buildup.pdf

英文版は、下記の内容で海外4000のアドレスに発信しました。

平成29年8月14日 「史実を世界に発信する会」茂木弘道拝
http://hassin.org

The Buildup to the ‘Greater East Asian War’
from the Japanese Perspectives
By Aldric Hama
Reviewed by Sugihara Seishiro, Former Professor at Josai University

Aldric Hama’s essay, “The Buildup to the ‘Greater East Asian War’ from the Japanese Perspective,” notes how differently the people of Japan and the West view the origins of the so-called Pacific War, and attempts to explain this vast discrepancy in perceptions.
The Western image is, in a word, a regurgitation of the opinions put forward at the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (the IMTFE or Tokyo Trials) that World War II was an illegal war of aggression launched by Japan’s militarist faction in order to dominate East Asia and the rest of the world.
Although it is true that Japan did ultimately initiate the Greater East Asian War, the series of events that led Japan to the war were not at all conveyed in an accurate manner by the IMTFE. Mr. Hama’s essay makes this point very clear.
Prof. Sugihara’s review of this essay will be a useful introduction to this long essay.
The essay was first published in The Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, Volume 42, Number 1, Spring 2017. The essay has been uploaded to our website and now presented here.

*Essay:
URL: http://www.sdh-fact.com/essay-article/1011/
PDF: http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL/Greater-East-Asian-War-from-Japanese-Perspective1.pdf *Review:
URL: http://www.sdh-fact.com/review-article/1013/PDF: http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL/Review-of-the-Aldric-Hama.pdf

MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact

SDHF Newsletter No.173J オバマ大統領の広島訪問の歴史的意義

2017年8月6日 日曜日

オバマ大統領広島訪問の歴史的意義
―アメリカは原爆の呪縛から解かれた
元城西大学教授
杉原誠四郎

 平成28年(2016年)5月17日、アメリカのオバマ大統領が原爆を投下したアメリカの現職大統領として、初めて被爆地広島を訪れ、原爆死没者慰霊碑に献花し、演説し、そして被爆者と対話した。演説では「われわれは歴史を直視し、そのような苦しみを繰り返さないために何をしなければならないかを問う共通の責任がある」と語った。
 謝罪の言葉はなかったが、このオバマ大統領の広島訪問には歴史的な意義があることを掘り下げて論じたのが本論文である。
 8月6日の今日、この論文を改めて内外の心ある人々に読んでいただきたく、英訳版とともに発信する次第である。(6日が日曜日なので、実際の発信は7日の月曜日。)
 論文は、次のような構成、内容となっている。

    はじめに
(1)広島平和公園でオバマ大統領の行ったこと
(2)オバマ大統領の広島訪問による歴史認識の修正の必要
(3)日米戦争は実質的にはアメリカ政府によって始められた戦争であり、なおかつアメリカ政府によって必要以上に凄惨になった戦争である
(4)原爆投下まで戦争が続いたことに関する日本側の責任
(5)原爆投下は直近の状況の中では避けるのは難しかったが、長い時間の中で見れば全く必要のないものだった
(6)オバマ大統領の広島訪問の歴史的意義の最大のものは、アメリカをして原爆の呪縛から解放したことにある

  *全文:http://hassin.org/01/wp-content/uploads/hiroshima.pdf

英文版は、下記の内容で海外4000のアドレスに発信した。

平成29年8月6日 「史実を世界に発信する会」茂木弘道拝
http://hassin.org

The historical significance of President Obama’s visit to Hiroshima
—The U.S. freed from the spell of the atomic bomb
By Sugihara Seishiro, Former Professor at Josai University

On this day of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, I would like to present Prof. Sugihara’s thoughtful essay on the meaning of President Obama’s visit to Hiroshima on May 27, 2016. The following is the translator’s introduction, written by Mr. Norman Hu:

Few have commented on the importance of President Obama’s visit to Hiroshima on May 27, 2016. But among these, Sugihara Seishiro discusses its significance as an act of reconciliation between Japan and the United States, even while he decries the atomic bombings as crimes against countless innocents. Sugihara emphasizes how important it is that this reconciliation was born from the use of the atomic bombs, and how it is a critical and bold statement in the 21st century, when it has become all too commonplace for nations to criticize each other without regard for the long-term consequences.
Japan is the only nation to have experienced the impact of an atomic bomb, and the United States is the only one to have dropped such a weapon in an act of war. Western scholars often discuss Hiroshima with a view to justify what the U.S. did to Japan at war’s end, while Asians may see that action as excessive and entirely preventable. While many Americans argue that the atomic bombs shortened the war and saved further loss of life (both among the Japanese but in particular those of American troops), Japanese people continue to regard the destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki as a supreme tragedy. President Obama highlighted “the remarkable transformation” in relations between the U.S. and Japan inasmuch as seventy years ago, “it would have been very difficult to imagine given the hostility between our two countries.”
This essay was recognized in 2016 for its contribution to modern and contemporary history by the APA Group’s 9th Annual Essay Competition. It is presented here in English for the benefit of readers outside of Japan. Sugihara presents the case that these close ties between erstwhile bitter enemies are a testament to humanity’s ability to reconcile given even the most virulent of enmities. Crucially, it is a clear statement that one not only needs to acknowledge and learn from history, but above all, to look forward.

URL: http://www.sdh-fact.com/essay-article/1005/
PDF: http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL/Sugihara_ObamaHiroshima4.pdf

MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact

SDHF Newsletter No.172J 新しい歴史教科書ーその5(3章1節、2節)

2017年7月27日 木曜日

『新しい歴史教科書』(新版・中学社会)(自由社)
英訳シリーズ その5-第3章「近世の日本―安土桃山・江戸時代」
第1節、第2節

 『新しい歴史教科書』英訳シリーズのそ5―第3章「近世の日本」、第1節、第2節をお届けします。

第1節:戦国時代から天下統一へ
    ㉛戦国大名
    ㉜ヨーロッパ人の世界進出 
    ㉝ヨーロッパ人の来航
    ㉞信長と秀吉の全国統一
    ㉟秀吉の政治と朝鮮出兵
     *宣教師の見た日本人
     *秀吉はなぜバテレンを追放したか
    ㊱桃山文化
 第2節:江戸幕府の政治      
    ㊲江戸幕府の成立      
    ㊳朱印船貿易から鎖国へ  
    ㊴鎖国日本の4つの窓口
    ㊵江戸の社会の平和と安定   
                    
   対訳版:http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL02_2/Chapter%203%20Section%201,%202.pdf

平成29年7月27日 「史実を世界に発信する会」茂木弘道拝
http://hassin.org

New History Textbook for Middle School Students
Series No. 4, Chapter 2: Medieval Japan
– The Kamakura and Muromchi period –
Sections 1~3

Series No. 4 contains Chapter 2, Sections 1~3.

Chapter 2, Section 1: The start of samurai rule
Topic 21 – The rise and fall of the Taira clan
What events brought about the triumph and the collapse of the Taira clan?
Topic 22 – The samurai government of the Kamakura shogunate
What were the distinguishing characteristics of the Kamakura shogunate, Japan’s first samurai government?
Topic 23 – The Mongol Invasions of Japan
Why was Japan able to repulse the Mongol Invasions?
Chapter 2, Section 2: The evolution of samurai rule
Topic 24 – The Kemmu Restoration and the Northern and Southern Courts period
Why did the Kemmu Restoration prove to be so short-lived?
Topic 25 – The Muromachi shogunate and the protector-daimyo The Taiho Code and Heijo-kyo
What were the distinguishing characteristics of the Muromachi shogunate as a samurai government?
Topic 26 – Sino-Japanese commerce, Korea, and Ryukyu
Why did the tally trade begin and how did East Asian commercial networks develop?
Topic 27 – The Onin War and gekokujo
How was Japanese society changed by the Onin War?
Chapter 1, Section 3: Medieval society and culture
Topic 28 – The transformation of medieval cities and villages
How did life in Japan’s cities and rural villages change during the medieval period?
Topic 29 – Kamakura culture
What were the distinguishing characteristics of the culture of the Kamakura period?
Topic 30 – Muromachi culture
What were the distinguishing characteristics of the culture of the Muromachi period?
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY: SUMMING UP THE ANCIENT PERIOD

URL: http://www.sdh-fact.com/book-article/998/PDF: http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL02_2/Chapter%203%20Section%201,%202.pdf

Questions are welcome.

MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact

SDHF Newsletter No.171J 国連特別報告者デヴィット・ケイ教授の報告書に山下教授が反論

2017年7月3日 月曜日

国連特別報告者デヴィット・ケイ教授の「日本の言論の自由に関する報告書」に山下英次教授が国連人権理事会で反論

 国連特別報告者に指名されたデヴィット・ケイ教授は2016年4月19日に日本の外国人特派員協会で記者会見をし、「暫定報告書」を発表しました。
 全く事実に反した認識を基に書かれている、この暫定報告書は、第二のクマラスワミ報告となりかねない危険性があります。「放送法遵守を求める視聴者の会」では、本年1月15日にこれに対する反論の意見書をデヴィト・ケイ教授に送付しました。また、2月20「慰安婦の真実 国民運動」は、英文意見書をデヴィット・ケイ教授ならびに8名の国連高等弁務官、5名の国連人権理事会理事長・副理事長あてに発送しました。さらに、5月2日には、「不当な日本批判を正す学者の会」(会長:田中英道、東北大学名誉教授、事務局長:山下英次、大阪市立大学名誉教授)が日本プレスセンターで記者会見をし、暫定報告書に対する批判として、学者グループの意見書およびゼイード・ビン・アーラッド・フセイン国連人権高等弁務官宛の書簡を発表しました。
 しかし、ながら、6月16日に人権理事会に提出されたデヴィッド・ケイ教授の最終報告では、これらの意見書で指摘された点は一切無視され、全く事実に反した不当な報告書となっています。
 6月16日には、学者グループの意見書を取りまとめた、山下英次教授が、理事会で90秒間の公式スピーチと、1500字の文書でこれに強く抗議をしました。

 90秒スピーチ;日本語 http://hassin.org/01/wp-content/uploads/speechJ.pdf
          英語 http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL/90-Second-speech.pdf
 1500字意見書:日本語 http://hassin.org/01/wp-content/uploads/1500words.pdf
          英語 http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL/paper.pdf

平成29年7月3日 「史実を世界に発信する会」 茂木弘道拝
http://hassin.org

Prof. Yamashita strongly criticized “UN Special Rapporteur’s Report
on the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression in Japan”
at UN Human Rights Committee

Professor David Kaye, United Nations Special Rapporteur, issued a “Preliminary Observations on the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression in Japan” at a press conference held on April 16, 2016 in Tokyo
The Preliminary Observations contained numerous serious errors, and these errors could be perpetuated as truths should the report be finalized in its current form.
On January 25, 2017, ‘Viewers and Listeners for Legal Compliance in Broadcasting’ sent an “Open Letter” to Prof. Kaye.
On February 20, 2017, the ‘Alliance for Truth about Comfort Women,’ which is comprised of 15 private organizations, also sent an open letter to Professor Kaye, with carbon copies to the UN High Commissioners for Human Rights and President of the Human Rights Council.
On May 2, 2017, the “Academic Alliance for Correcting Groundless Criticisms of Japan” sent a letter to David Kay to admonish the “Preliminary Report”.
However, the final report submitted to the UN Human Rights Committee by David Kay completely ignored those criticism which pointed out serious errors in facts.
Prof. Ymashita Eiji, who drafted the above letter by the “Academic Alliance” made a formal speech to strongly criticize David Kay’s “Final Report on the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression in Japan” at the UN Human Rights Committee on June 12, 2017 with 1500 words written statement.

90 second speech: URL http://www.sdh-fact.com/essay-article/991/
PDF http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL/90-Second-speech.pdf
1500 words paper: URL http://www.sdh-fact.com/essay-article/993/
PDF http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL/paper.pdf

Questions are welcome.

MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact

SDHF Newsletter No.169J 北朝鮮非核化にむけての新戦略

2017年6月19日 月曜日

北朝鮮非核化に向けての新戦略
アメリカの日本占領経験の教訓に学ぶ
杉原 誠四郎 (元城西大学教授)

 北朝鮮の非核化は猶予のならない段階にきている。
 杉原誠四郎教授は、「かの日米戦争でアメリカは日本を降伏させ、日本を占領し、占領改革を行い、成功した歴史上の経験を持っているが、北朝鮮非核化のための作戦にあっても、この経験を活かし、避難民を出さず、犠牲者(死者)を極力少なくした作戦がありうるのではないか」との考えから、この試案を出している。
 ユニークな視点で、参考になるものではないかと紹介する次第である。

 杉原提案:http://hassin.org/01/wp-content/uploads/nkno.pdf
 英訳版:http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL/North-Korea-Denulearization-by-Sugihara-.pdf
平成29年6月19日「史実を世界に発信する会」茂木弘道拝

A New Strategy for the Denuclearization of North Korea:
Lessons Learned from the US Occupation of Japan
By Sugihara Seishiro
Former Professor at Josai University

This unique and challenging paper was prepared by Prof. Sugihara. He writes;
I have undertaken some research into the US military’s occupation of Japan in the aftermath of Japan’s defeat in World War II. I want to explain, in my own way, the ideas that occurred to me concerning how this perspective can be applied to a strategy for the denuclearization of North Korea that, I believe, will result in the minimum loss of life. There may be some people who will find this essay to be radical or unhelpful, but I believe that it contains many points that should at least be of some use to the denuclearization strategy of the US-led military forces that are now being deployed near North Korea.

URL: http://www.sdh-fact.com/essay-article/983/
PDF: http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL/North-Korea-Denulearization-by-Sugihara-.pdf

Questions are welcome.

MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact

SDHF Newsletter No.170J 新しい歴史教科書ーその4(2章1節~3節)

2017年6月9日 金曜日

『新しい歴史教科書』(新版・中学社会)(自由社)
英訳シリーズ その4-第2章「中世の日本―鎌倉・室町時代」
第1節~第3節

 『新しい歴史教科書』英訳シリーズのそ43―第2章「中世の日本」、第1節~第3節をお届けします。

第1節:武家政治の始まり
    ㉑平氏の繁栄と滅亡
    ㉒鎌倉幕府の武家政治 
     *征夷大将軍・幕府、御成敗式目
     *武士の起こりと鎌倉幕府
    ㉓元寇
     *元寇と朝鮮半島
     *日本人の名字の由来 
 第2節:武家政治の展開      
    ㉔建武の新政と南北朝時代      
    ㉕室町幕府と守護大名  
    ㉖日明貿易と朝鮮・琉球
    ㉗応仁の乱と下克上   
 第3節:中世の社会と文化
    ㉘中世の都市と農村の変化 
    ㉙鎌倉文化    
    ㉚室町文化
     *一揆と合議の伝統 
    ・第2章のまとめ 中世とはどんな時代か
    ・歴史豆辞典(第2章のまとめ)
                    
   対訳版:

平成29年6月9日 「史実を世界に発信する会」茂木弘道拝
http://hassin.org

New History Textbook for Middle School Students
Series No. 3, Chapter 1: Japan from Prehistory to Ancient Times
– The Paleolithic, Jomon, Yayoi, Kofun, Asuka, Nara, and Heian periods –
Sections 3 & 4.
Series No. 3 contains Chapter 1, Sections 3 & 4.
Tale of Genji (Genji Monogatari), the world’s first great novel was written by a court lady, Murasaki Shikibu, in the Heian period.(Section 4, p. 86)

Chapter 1, Section 3: The founding of the Ritsuryo State
Topic11 – Prince Shotoku’s political revolution
Under what circumstances did Prince Shotoku implement his new style of politics?
Summarized Translation of the Seventeen Article Constitution (AD 604)
Topic 12 – The envoys to Sui China and the title of “emperor”
What was the relationship between Shotoku’s policy of diplomatic equality with the Sui and
the introduction of the title of tenno, Japan’s unique word for “emperor”?
Topic 13 – The Taika Reforms
How did the Soga clan fall from power and give way to the establishment of an emperor-centered nation?
Topic 14 – The road to the Ritsuryo State
In what ways did Japan develop as a nation following its defeat in the Korean Peninsula in the second half of the seventh century?
Topic 15 – The Taiho Code and Heijo-kyo
What was the structure of Japan’s ancient Ritsuryo State
Topic 16 – The compilation of the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki and construction of the Great Buddha
With what objective did Japan write its national histories and build the Great Buddha?
Topic 17 – The Asuka and Tempyo cultures
What were the distinguishing features of Japanese culture in the seventh and eighth centuries?
Chapter 1, Section 4: The development of the Ritsuryo State
Topic 18 – Heian-kyo and regency government
How did Regency government arise in Japan?
Topic 19 – Heian culture
Why did national culture blossom during the Heian period?
Kana and Women’s Literature
Topic 20 – The rise of the samurai and cloistered rule
In what way did cloistered rule begin in Japan and how was it related to the rise of the samurai?
CHAPTER 1 SUMMARY: SUMMING UP THE ANCIENT PERIOD

URL: http://www.sdh-fact.com/book-article/981/
PDF: http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL02_2/Chapter%201%20Section%203,%204.pdf

Questions are welcome.

MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact

SDHF Newsletter No.168J 新しい歴史教科書ーその3(1章3節、4節)

2017年6月9日 金曜日

『新しい歴史教科書』(新版・中学社会)(自由社)
英訳シリーズ その3-第1章「古代までの日本」3節、4節 

 『新しい歴史教科書』英訳シリーズのその3―第1章「古代までの日本」、第3節、第4節をお届けします。

第3節:律令国家の建設
    ⑪聖徳太子の新しい政治
     *17条の憲法 
    ⑫遣隋使と天皇号の始まり 
     *天皇・皇帝
    ⑬大化の改新       
    ⑭律令国家への道      
     *「日本」という国名のおこり
    ⑮大宝律令と平城京  
     *平城京と長安の違い
    ⑯記紀の編纂と大仏建立
     *古事記と日本書紀
     *行基と大仏建立
    ⑰飛鳥・天平の文化   
  第4節:律令国家の展開
    ⑱平安京と摂関政治
     *道長の歌 
    ⑲平安文化    
     *遣唐使廃止の理由
     *仏像の見方
     *仮名文字と女流文学  
    ⑳武士の台頭と院政
     *上皇・法皇・院・院政 
     *日本の天皇と中国の皇帝
    ・第1章のまとめ 古代とはどんな時代か
    ・歴史豆辞典(第1章のまとめ)
                    
   対訳版:http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL02_2/Chapter%201%20Section%203,%204.pdf

平成29年6月9日 「史実を世界に発信する会」茂木弘道拝
http://hassin.org

New History Textbook for Middle School Students
Series No. 3, Chapter 1: Japan from Prehistory to Ancient Times
– The Paleolithic, Jomon, Yayoi, Kofun, Asuka, Nara, and Heian periods –
Sections 3 & 4.
Series No. 3 contains Chapter 1, Sections 3 & 4.
Tale of Genji (Genji Monogatari), the world’s first great novel was written by a court lady, Murasaki Shikibu, in the Heian period.(Section 4, p. 86)

Chapter 1, Section 3: The founding of the Ritsuryo State
Topic11 – Prince Shotoku’s political revolution
Under what circumstances did Prince Shotoku implement his new style of politics?
Summarized Translation of the Seventeen Article Constitution (AD 604)
Topic 12 – The envoys to Sui China and the title of “emperor”
What was the relationship between Shotoku’s policy of diplomatic equality with the Sui and
the introduction of the title of tenno, Japan’s unique word for “emperor”?
Topic 13 – The Taika Reforms
How did the Soga clan fall from power and give way to the establishment of an emperor-centered nation?
Topic 14 – The road to the Ritsuryo State
In what ways did Japan develop as a nation following its defeat in the Korean Peninsula in the second half of the seventh century?
Topic 15 – The Taiho Code and Heijo-kyo
What was the structure of Japan’s ancient Ritsuryo State
Topic 16 – The compilation of the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki and construction of the Great Buddha
With what objective did Japan write its national histories and build the Great Buddha?
Topic 17 – The Asuka and Tempyo cultures
What were the distinguishing features of Japanese culture in the seventh and eighth centuries?
Chapter 1, Section 4: The development of the Ritsuryo State
Topic 18 – Heian-kyo and regency government
How did Regency government arise in Japan?
Topic 19 – Heian culture
Why did national culture blossom during the Heian period?
Kana and Women’s Literature
Topic 20 – The rise of the samurai and cloistered rule
In what way did cloistered rule begin in Japan and how was it related to the rise of the samurai?
CHAPTER 1 SUMMARY: SUMMING UP THE ANCIENT PERIOD

URL: http://www.sdh-fact.com/book-article/981/
PDF: http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL02_2/Chapter%201%20Section%203,%204.pdf

Questions are welcome.

MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact

SDHF Newsletter No.167J 新しい歴史教科書ーその2(1章1節、2節)

2017年5月22日 月曜日

『新しい歴史教科書』(新版・中学社会)(自由社)
英訳シリーズ その2-第1章「古代までの日本」1節、2節 

 『新しい歴史教科書』英訳シリーズのその2―第1章「古代までの日本」、第1節、第2節をお届けします。
第1節:文明のあけぼの
① 日本人はどこから来たか 
人類はアフリカで誕生した 日本列島に住み着いた人々
       日本にもあった旧石器時代
     *もっと知りたい:「岩宿遺跡を発見した相澤忠洋」
    ②自然の恵みと縄文文化  
豊かな自然の恵み 縄文土器の時代 縄文時代の生活
     *もっと知りたい:「和の文化」の縄文
    ③文明の発生       
農耕の始まりと金属器の使用 文明の発生と国家の誕生
      黄河・長江流域の古代文明
    ④宗教のおこり      
自然への畏敬と祖先への感謝 一神教の登場 世界の三大宗教
    ⑤稲作の広まり弥生文化  
水田稲作の広まり 弥生文化 ムラからクニへ
  第2節:古代国家の形成
    ⑥中国の歴史書が語る古代の日本 
小国が分立した紀元前後の日本 邪馬台国と卑弥呼 
華夷秩序と倭国
    ⑦大和朝廷と古墳の広まり    
大和朝廷による国内統一 前方後円墳と大和朝廷
    ⑧神話が語る国の始まり 
古事記・日本書紀に書かれた神話・伝承
      イザナキ・イザナミとアマテラスの誕生
      オオクニヌシの神と出雲神話 天孫降臨と神武天皇
    ⑨東アジアの国々と大和朝廷
      百済を助け高句麗と戦う 倭の五王による朝貢
      新羅の台頭と任那の滅亡
    ⑩仏教伝来
      仏教伝来の背景 崇仏論争 帰化人の役割
                    
   対訳版:http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL02_2/Chapter%201%20Section%201,%202.pdf

平成29年5月22日 「史実を世界に発信する会」茂木弘道拝
http://hassin.org

New History Textbook for Middle School Students
Series No.2, Chapter 1: Japan from Prehistory to Ancient Times
– The Paleolithic, Jomon, Yayoi, Kofun, Asuka, Nara, and Heian periods –
Section 1: Topic 1, 2
Series 2 contains the following:
Chapter 1, Section 1: The dawn of civilization
Topic 1- Where did the people of Japan come from?
The birth of mankind in Africa The people who settled the Japanese Isles
The discovery of the Japanese Paleolithic period
Topic 2 – The Jomon culture and the blessings of nature
The bountiful blessings of nature The era of Jomon pottery
Life in the Jomon period
Topic 3 – The rise of civilizations
The start of agriculture and use of metal tools
The rise of civilizations and birth of nations
The ancient civilizations of the Yellow and Yangtze River Valleys
Topic 4 – The origin of religions
Reverence of nature and ancestor worship
The advent of monotheism The three great world religions
Topic 5 – The spread of rice cultivation and the Yayoi culture
The spread of wet rice cultivation The Yayoi culture From villages to nations
Section 2: The making of an ancient nation
Topic 6 – Ancient Japan as seen in Chinese history books
A divided Japan at the turn of the century Yamatai and Himiko
The Sino-Barbarian World Order and Japan
Topic 7 – The Yamato State and the spread of the kofun
National unification under the Yamato State
Front-squared, rear-rounded kofun and the Yamato State
Topic 8 – Japan’s national origin myths
The myths and legends of the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki
Izanagi, Izanami, and the birth of Amaterasu Okuninushi and the Izumo Mythology Ninigi’s descent to Earth and Emperor Jimmu
Topic 9 – The nations of East Asia and the Yamato State
Fighting Koguryo to save Paekche Tribute from the Five Kings of Japan
The rise of Silla and the fall of Mimana
Topic 10 – The introduction of Buddhism
The background of Buddhism’s introduction
The Soga-Mononobe Conflict The role of the kikajin
URL: http://www.sdh-fact.com/book-article/974/
PDF: http://www.sdh-fact.com/CL02_2/Chapter%201%20Section%201,%202.pdf

Questions are welcome.

MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact

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