New History Textbook for Middle School Students
Series No. 3, Chapter 1: Japan from Prehistory to Ancient Times
– The Paleolithic, Jomon, Yayoi, Kofun, Asuka, Nara, and Heian periods –
Sections 3 & 4.
Series No. 3 contains Chapter 1, Sections 3 & 4.
Tale of Genji (Genji Monogatari), the world’s first great novel was written by a court lady, Murasaki Shikibu, in the Heian period.(Section 4, p. 86)
Chapter 1, Section 3: The founding of the Ritsuryo State
Topic11 – Prince Shotoku’s political revolution
Under what circumstances did Prince Shotoku implement his new style of politics?
Summarized Translation of the Seventeen Article Constitution (AD 604)
Topic 12 – The envoys to Sui China and the title of “emperor”
What was the relationship between Shotoku’s policy of diplomatic equality with the Sui and
the introduction of the title of tenno, Japan’s unique word for “emperor”?
Topic 13 – The Taika Reforms
How did the Soga clan fall from power and give way to the establishment of an emperor-centered nation?
Topic 14 – The road to the Ritsuryo State
In what ways did Japan develop as a nation following its defeat in the Korean Peninsula in the second half of the seventh century?
Topic 15 – The Taiho Code and Heijo-kyo
What was the structure of Japan’s ancient Ritsuryo State
Topic 16 – The compilation of the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki and construction of the Great Buddha
With what objective did Japan write its national histories and build the Great Buddha?
Topic 17 – The Asuka and Tempyo cultures
What were the distinguishing features of Japanese culture in the seventh and eighth centuries?
Chapter 1, Section 4: The development of the Ritsuryo State
Topic 18 – Heian-kyo and regency government
How did Regency government arise in Japan?
Topic 19 – Heian culture
Why did national culture blossom during the Heian period?
Kana and Women’s Literature
Topic 20 – The rise of the samurai and cloistered rule
In what way did cloistered rule begin in Japan and how was it related to the rise of the samurai?
CHAPTER 1 SUMMARY: SUMMING UP THE ANCIENT PERIOD
Questions are welcome.
MOTEKI Hiromichi, Acting Chairman
for KASE Hideaki, Chairman
Society for the Dissemination of Historical Fact